关于围棋的MG动画(什么动画属于MG动画)

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关于围棋的MG动画

围棋是一项古老而深奥的棋类游戏,在亚洲地区拥有广泛的影响力和强大的玩家群体。围棋的魅力不仅限于实际对局,还开始在动画领域呈现出自己的独特魅力。而这些围棋题材的动画中,一种特别的类型叫做MG动画。

MG动画,全称为「Motion Graphic Animation」,是一种以平面设计与动画相结合的动画形式。它使用平面的图像透过运动而变得活跃,创造出具有生动感和动态感的画面效果。对于围棋这样的棋类游戏来说,MG动画的运用能够让观众更好地理解和感受围棋的规则和战略。

在MG动画中,围棋的棋盘和棋子往往呈现出绚丽多彩的形象。通过运用各种动画效果和特殊的设计手法,MG动画能够将围棋的战局变得更加生动有趣。可以使用镜头移动和缩放等手法,将整个棋局的变化展现在观众面前。还可以通过精心设计的过渡效果,将每一步棋的变化完美地呈现出来,让观众更好地理解每一步的战略意义。

MG动画还可以运用一些特殊的动画效果来展示围棋的思考过程。可以通过字幕或者思考气泡的形式,表达出选手在思考下一步棋的时候的内心活动。这不仅能够增加观众的乐趣,还能提高观众对围棋策略的理解。还可以运用动态图表等方式,展示每一步棋对整个战局的影响,让观众更加清晰地了解选择每一步棋的重要性。

MG动画还可以通过配乐和声音效果的运用,提升整个动画的观赏体验。可以运用悠扬的音乐来表达出对弈双方的紧张氛围,或者通过放慢或加速音效的方式,来强调关键时刻的紧迫感。通过这些声音的搭配,MG动画能够让观众更加身临其境地感受到围棋对局的激烈和紧张。

MG动画是一种非常适合用来表现围棋的动画形式。通过其独特的设计手法和动画效果,能够将围棋的规则、战略和思考过程生动地展现出来,让观众更加深入地了解和体验围棋的魅力。随着围棋的普及和MG动画技术的不断发展,相信这种类型的围棋动画将会在未来继续受到更多人们的喜爱和关注。

关于围棋的MG动画(什么动画属于MG动画)

围棋起源于中国,中国古代称为“弈”,距今已有4000多年的历史。围棋使用矩形格状棋盘及黑白二色圆形棋子进行对弈,棋子必须走在空格非禁着点的交叉点上,双方交替行棋,落子后不能移动或悔棋,以目数多者为胜。

围棋组成

棋盘围棋盘是方形的,由纵横各19条线组成。19╳19形成了361个交叉点。上有九个星,最中间的称“天元”,“元”是第一的意思,“天元”意为天空最高点。

棋子围棋的棋子分为黑白两色,黑子181枚,白子180枚,黑白子加起来是361枚,恰好和棋盘的点数相同。

围棋规则

对局双方各执一色棋子,空枰开局,黑先白后,交替着一子于棋盘的点上。棋子下定后,不再向其他点移动。轮流下子是双方的权利,但允许任何一方放弃下子权而使用虚着。

一个棋子在棋盘上,与它直线紧邻的空点是这个棋子的“气“”。直线紧邻的点上如果有同色棋子存在,这些棋子就相互连接成一个不可分割的整体。直线紧邻的点上如果有异色棋子存在,此处的气便不存在。棋子如失去所有的气,就不能在棋盘上存在。

把无气之子清理出棋盘的手段叫提子。提子有二种:下子后,对方棋子无气,应立即提取对方无气之子。下子后,双方棋子都呈无气状态,应立即提取对方无气之子。

棋盘上的任何一点,如某方下子后,该子立即呈无气状态,同时又不能提取对方的棋子。这个点叫做“禁着点”。

棋局下到双方一致确认着子完毕时,为终局。对局中有一方中途认输时,为终局。双方连续使用虚着,为终局。

终局时,经双方确认,不能被提取的棋都是活棋。终局时,经双方确认,能被提取的棋都是死棋。

围棋术语

围棋术语是在围棋中用来表达某些特定概念和词语的称谓,它囊括了围棋的专用名词、理论知识以及竞赛规则和对局经验的许多内容,既是中国围棋文化千百年来不断发展的产物,也是人们学习围棋应该掌握的基本常识。

基本概念

在棋盘上,棋子与它直线紧紧相邻的空交叉点,就是这个棋子的“气”。单独一个棋子的气数不超过四气,但两个或两个以上相连的棋子则可以有四气以上。棋子若失去所有的气,就成为死棋,不能在棋盘上存在。目

棋盘上,被一方棋子所围地域的空交叉点,称之为“目”。一个交叉点即是1目,目的数量称为“目数”。空

用棋子围成的地域。地

(1)即地域或空。指已为某方占有的地区。

(2)形势判断用语。如“黑地六十目”,即指黑方可望在全局围有六十目的地域。

(3)指占有子和“空”的总和。即棋子围有的全部交叉点。

所包围的目数和活棋本身之总和,称为“地”。提子

将对方无气的棋子从棋盘上取下,称为“提子”。打劫

双方可以轮流提取对方棋子的情况。围棋规则规定,打劫时,被提取的一方不能直接提回,必须在其他地方找劫材使对方应一手之后方可提回。真眼

由几个连接在一起的棋子围住一个或两个空交叉点,则称该点为真眼,简称“眼”。假眼

由几个没有完全连接的棋子围成了眼的形状,称为“假眼” 。在一定条件下,围成假眼的棋子会被对方吃掉。活棋

棋盘上凡是对方无法提取的棋即是活棋。活棋通常要具备两只真眼。死棋

棋盘上迟早能被对方提取的棋,即为死棋。死棋不具有两只真眼。双活

双方互围的棋子均无两只真眼,但又不能制杀对方时即为“双活”,也称“公活”。禁着点

棋盘任一点,一方下子后,该棋子即呈无气状态,同时又不能提取对方的棋子,这个点就称为该方的“禁着点”。一方不能下子的禁着点,对方可以下子。布局

布局是一盘棋的先导,也是双方进行阵容部署、各自抢占要点,为双方接触作战作准备的阶段。

定式

是指布局阶段双方在角部的争夺中,按照一定的行棋次序,选择比较合理的着法,最终形成双方大体安定、利益大体均等的棋本棋形。定式的种类有星定式、小目定式、三三定式、目外定式、高目定式等。

中盘

指双方在布局之后从短兵相接开始进行的全局性作战阶段。

收官

中盘作战基本结束,双方所占地域已经大致确定,进而使双方属地完全明确的一系列着法。

在棋盘坐标4·四的位置和棋盘正中央标有九个小圆点,术语称为“星”。这九颗星,将棋盘大致划分为左上角、右上角、左下角、右下角、上边、下边、左边、右边和中腹九个区域。

指棋盘四个角部星位内侧的区域。边

指棋盘四个边星两侧的区域。天元

棋盘正中央的一颗星称作“天元”。小目

棋盘坐标3·四位置称作“小目”。高目

棋盘坐标4·五的位置称作“高目”。目外

棋盘坐标3·五的位置称作“目外”。三三

棋盘坐标3·三的位置称为“三三”。急所

指对局时,急需抢占的要点之处,无固定位置。大场

指布局时,棋盘上下子后能够开拆或分投之处。天王山

"天王山"一词是指在布局阶段,双方大势力的消涨要点,表示盘面中双方都应抢占的重要的位置。俗称

布局时在一方有一子占据角部时,另一方在其附近间隔一路或二路的位置行棋,称作“挂”。在三线行棋,称为低挂,在四线行棋,称为高挂。根据双方棋子的相对位置,又可分为一间高挂、二间高挂、一间低挂、二间低挂和小飞挂、大飞挂等。挂的目的在于破坏或侵占对方所占的角部。

也称为“缔角”或“守角”。指在己方原有小目、高目或目外一子的基础上,再下一着棋,使己方两个子相互配合守角的着法。缔角既有利于围占角地,又可进一步控制和开拓边上的大场,是布局阶段常采用的着法。

双方棋子紧贴着向同一方向行棋,先行的一方,棋子会始终高出对方一头。长的着法能将己方的棋子连接成一个整体,这样可以延长棋子的气,既可以防止对方的攻击,又便于伺机攻击对方。

紧靠着己方原有的棋子,竖着向边线方向下一子的着法。通常多指在二线或三线的行棋。

在原有棋子的斜线上下一子。由于尖的步子较小,也称其为“小尖”。在实战中,尖是一种攻守兼备的下法,既能够保持两子间的连络,又能够出头,控制行棋的方向。

从原有棋子出发,向棋盘“日”字形的对角上下一子,叫小飞。若下在 “目”字形的对角上,就叫做大飞。飞还有一种形式,叫做象步飞。与象棋的象步走法相同。

在己方有子力配合的情况下,将棋下在对方棋子的上面,其主要作用是压制对方,扩张自己的外势、使己方的棋更加厚实,强大。压的着法往往还有声东击西的作用。

从原有棋子的同一横线上,向左或向右有间隔地下一子。如果间隔一路,称为“拆一”,若是间隔二路,则称 “拆二”,其余类推。

在双方棋子相互接触时,直接阻拦对方侵入己方地域或阻止对方被围的棋子向外冲出的着法。

在无己方棋子接应时,紧靠着对方的棋子旁边下一子,称为碰。通常是用于试探对方怎样应对,追求变化的一种手段。

在有己方棋子作策应的情况下,紧贴对方棋子旁边下一子。

在己方棋子与对方棋子间隔一路的情况下,紧贴对方棋子的两侧下一子的着法。也称作“搭靠”。

将可能被对方分断的棋子连接成一体的着法。

(zhān)指将被对方“打吃”的棋子与己方的其它棋子连接成一个整体的着法。

在对方相隔一路的棋子中间下一子的着法。这种着法通常用在能够分断对方棋子,并能有效地攻击对方的场合下。

将对方棋子夹在我方两子中间的着法。

也称滚打。指由己方先弃一、二子,然后把敌子打吃成凝聚形状的着法过程。

也称打吃。在对方棋子只有两口气时,再下一子,使其仅剩一口气的状态。

双打

下一子同时打吃对方两边的棋子,形成两者必得其一的着法。

下一子,使对方的棋子立即呈现无气被吃状态,随即把被吃的死棋从棋盘上提取掉。

也称做“征子”,是围棋中吃棋子的一种方法,俗称“拐羊头”。被“征吃”一方的棋子因只有一口气,如若没有己方棋子接应,即使立即逃出,对方可按预定的行棋次序继续紧气追杀,最终会将其全部吃掉。

(qiǎ)在对方棋形的要害处下一子,使其立即呈现某种缺陷的有效着法。

紧挨着对方成“尖”形的两个子旁边下一子,具有约束对方棋形或使对方棋形出现断点或缺陷的着法。

将棋背向对方的棋子走成弯曲的形状,称为“曲”。

玉柱

在角部或边上原有一子的基础上再下立一子的着法。用于加强己方的形势或稳固己方地域。

尖顶

紧靠对方的棋子下一子,在使己方棋子成“尖”形的起到顶撞对方棋子的作用。

鼻顶

在对方棋形正前方顶住对方若干棋子的着法。

下一子,将两处分开的棋子若即若离地取得联络,以保证大块棋子安全的着法。连的常用着法有跳、关、拆、小飞、大飞、大跳等。

基本杀法

中局战略

对对方的弱棋,特别是失去很据与其已成活的棋子没有联络的孤棋进行攻击,是中盘战中争取主动的重要手段。

遇到对方出现孤棋,一定抓住机会进行攻击,争取吃掉对方以获取对局中的最大效率。这样往往会引起激烈的战斗,要经常审视围杀中自己出现的问题,否则非但歼敌不成反会断送自己。 在攻击中完全歼灭对方一片棋的情况是不多的,多是通过攻击获得其他好处,其中之一即是扩展自己的领地,巩固己之本来不稳固的领地,也通过攻孤棋来达到目的。 通过连续攻击压迫敌棋边角,也加强自己的外势,但要分析、计算好,在什么形势下有利,什么形势下不利。

从发展来看,治理孤棋首先考虑的是向中央出头。不能出头,被封住往往是吃亏的,除非逃不出时才行此下策。

当遇到攻击,无法向中央出头时,有机会、有条件时可以联络到自己另一块棋上去。

如出头和渡过均不可能时只得就地求活,如单独活不成,则争取双活,如果双活亦不成时,应停止这一带的活动,停止得越早越好。缩小眼

从周围挤压对方的棋的生存空间,使它不能有做成两只真眼的空间。点中心点

对方有一个中心点是做眼的要点,一旦被对手抢先,就能做出两个或两个以上的真眼。比如直三、弯三、刀把五、梅花六,这些棋形的中心点就是杀棋的要点。打劫杀

在不能净杀的情况下,可以通过打劫来杀死对方,职业棋手往往擅长利用劫争一举获得优势。所以有时双方棋形的厚薄,劫材的多少,也是一盘棋的胜负关键,往往多一枚劫材就决定了大盘的胜负。胀死牛

将对方点眼的棋子的外气全部紧完,在对方虎口里走一子,然后打吃对方,使对方不能连,将其胀死,称为“胀死牛”。布局常识

布局指围棋的开局走法,一般在几手到几十手的范围内。局棋的进行一般由布局、中盘、官子三个阶段构成,布局作为一局棋的初始阶段,奠定了整个棋局的骨架与脉络。对局双方各自抢占棋盘上的空地,同时尽量阻止对方占地,由此导入中盘战斗。围棋有谚语“金龟银边莫肚皮”即以国突效率而言魚上最高、中腹最差。

围棋基本布局

三连星

即在边上星位连下三颗子,这一布局极易成大模样。对于另一方来说,必须有“钻地道"和"拆天桥”的能力,否则必败无疑。 由于三个子都处在第四线上,故这种布局的侧重点不是占角,而是向中央发展。三连星的用意在于取势或构成模样,中央是它的主要战场,这是三连星的特征。 二连星

较之三连星,二连星更为灵活多变,速度也快,并可视局部变化取地或取势,而不像三连星那样很容易就走上单一取势的道路。中国流

它的外形与三连星相似,如果把它放平了看,有一种“桥”的感觉,因此在中国也叫做桥梁式布局。相小目

黑1、3子占相邻的两个角,同以小目的四线一方指向白棋,称为“相小目”。其特点是把着眼点集中在一方。星小目

黑1、3用星和小目占相邻两角,称为“星小目”对战心态

修身养性,切忌浮躁

棋手实战时觉得局面都已占优,注意力不集中的情况下出现昏招,形势顿时翻盘。接下来绝大多数棋手会立即要求再来一盘以求“报仇”,但是接下来的对局心态已失去了平常心,于是连下连败以致一败涂地。具备谋略心机

谋略是为创造有利条件而实行的全盘性行动的计划和策略,也就是创造致胜条件。这需要长期的对弈、总结、打谱的积累。

1、真正的进攻就要有收获,就要使局面朝着有利于自己的方向发展,这叫做攻有所获。

2、单纯的防守不好,具有反击的防守才真正具有威力,这叫做守中有攻。

3、在面对可能出现两种有利局面的时候,选择最大程度有利于自己取得胜利的局面。在面对可能出现两种不利局面的时候,选择最小程度不利于自己的局面。

4、寻找出进攻的机会和线路,熟练地运用各种技战术,使局面朝理想方向发展,这叫做捕捉战机。

5、中局作战过程中,要时常对当前局面有清醒地认识,该攻则攻 ,当守则守,进攻的线路,防守的要点,都在审局度势的范围之中。

6、多算胜,少算不胜。

工具推荐

书籍

1、《围棋入门一月通》 邱百瑞·著2、《围棋入门(修订版)》翟燕生,徐莹主编3、《围棋入门(围棋自学速成宝典)》李烨·著软件

星阵围棋

星阵围棋是行业内知名的AI围棋对弈平台,曾与世界围棋冠军柯洁对战,并多次获得世界围棋AI大赛冠军。目前星阵围棋已推出手机端软件、iPad软件, 也可以使用电脑网页版。

弈城围棋

弈城围棋网成立于2005年,是老牌知名围棋平台,主要功能有:各大围棋赛事现场直播、职业棋手全程讲解、Al分析、Leela Master. Leela Zero、Elfgo、 Minigo全程为棋迷提供对弈分析,查看实时胜率,Al复盘,随时邀请各国棋迷在线对弈。

忘忧围棋

忘忧围棋是一款专门针对手机用户而自主研发的人工智能人机对弈围棋游戏, 拥有较强的棋力并附带近七万局名手对局棋谱,是世上最完善的棋谱库。同时忘忧围棋还提供围棋比赛直播功能,可以观看职业棋手比赛的现场直播。%3Chowto_content%3E[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"is_abstract":true},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋起源于中国,中国古代称为“弈”,距今已有4000多年的历史。","id":""},{"type":"text","text":"围棋使用矩形格状棋盘及黑白二色圆形棋子进行对弈,棋子必须走在空格非禁着点的交叉点上,双方交替行棋,落子后不能移动或悔棋,以目数多者为胜。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnkKAsYYYAIQOCaOQVBu3e7f"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":1},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋组成","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn22yWEoSk2u0EARXnbuqdhe"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"棋盘","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn6is28QqW2cIigHbsXMrzff"},,"attrs":{"height":585,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"棋盘","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/b84c3fb5cb444ece9ed51961caea279d","width":587},"text":"","id":"doxcn0yq0aIgAAgu8s98rORsGIh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋盘是方形的,由纵横各19条线组成。19╳19形成了361个交叉点。上有九个星,最中间的称“天元”,“元”是第一的意思,“天元”意为天空最高点。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnogcmeCOGCeiiKOD16az2nh"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"棋子","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnyua6cUyUsysWi4eOlOQZrd"},,"attrs":{"height":633,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"棋子","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/f01e55bf9ee040f99371e73059ab709b","width":777},"text":"","id":"doxcneMEg8AqCyS8coJQUi56znh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋的棋子分为黑白两色,黑子181枚,白子180枚,黑白子加起来是361枚,恰好和棋盘的点数相同。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnSIe06U4aaKSGGgBmDDrMLd"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":1},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋规则","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnsIaSMmYcESQ4oVuCCSCffe"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"对局双方各执一色棋子,空枰开局,黑先白后,交替着一子于棋盘的点上。棋子下定后,不再向其他点移动。轮流下子是双方的权利,但允许任何一方放弃下子权而使用虚着。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnyKSCsMAUiIgy0exb1eFT4d"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"一个棋子在棋盘上,与它直线紧邻的空点是这个棋子的“气“”。直线紧邻的点上如果有同色棋子存在,这些棋子就相互连接成一个不可分割的整体。直线紧邻的点上如果有异色棋子存在,此处的气便不存在。棋子如失去所有的气,就不能在棋盘上存在。 ","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn6waWKMOUgGYUUZiV8Uz5Ng"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"把无气之子清理出棋盘的手段叫提子。提子有二种:下子后,对方棋子无气,应立即提取对方无气之子。下子后,双方棋子都呈无气状态,应立即提取对方无气之子。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn8C2iaAyeAOO6WSedhU3plh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"棋盘上的任何一点,如某方下子后,该子立即呈无气状态,同时又不能提取对方的棋子。这个点叫做“禁着点”。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnKIosCiqW80kcQnYVC6K1Tb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"棋局下到双方一致确认着子完毕时,为终局。对局中有一方中途认输时,为终局。双方连续使用虚着,为终局。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnsUiEmoGWwEwKaGiQY3mVqg"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"终局时,经双方确认,不能被提取的棋都是活棋。终局时,经双方确认,能被提取的棋都是死棋。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnWQ4ciUOumAUiiMuJDsS6yb"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":1},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋术语","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnu6A88eAIcI8cQvYVpTjk6e"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋术语是在围棋中用来表达某些特定概念和词语的称谓,它囊括了围棋的专用名词、理论知识以及竞赛规则和对局经验的许多内容,既是中国围棋文化千百年来不断发展的产物,也是人们学习围棋应该掌握的基本常识。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnmEaiCs2yS2yMwhGdUtBCDe"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"基本概念","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnmCISIGY4YK4M87y1rhXExe"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"气","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnsE84yay6WUWAIYeAn5G0fb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"在棋盘上,棋子与它直线紧紧相邻的空交叉点,就是这个棋子的“气”。单独一个棋子的气数不超过四气,但两个或两个以上相连的棋子则可以有四气以上。棋子若失去所有的气,就成为死棋,不能在棋盘上存在。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnGiCoCis4ic6oAZhoM73WFf"},,"attrs":{"height":348,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"基本概念","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/fc2d4ef8756e48ca987a4fd073bd493c","width":617},"text":"","id":"doxcngA4OoKa6MWQ86mdwYYFUxh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"目","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnu4gQMaGWEOeg2n7xVfyhse"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"棋盘上,被一方棋子所围地域的空交叉点,称之为“目”。一个交叉点即是1目,目的数量称为“目数”。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnUMkW264GEoOCWqeQo5vdKb"},,"attrs":{"height":322,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"基本概念","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/cb34c20359404727a3c2e62bf1aeeb5f","width":298},"text":"","id":"doxcnOGEmEMoWe6Ge2yL7OUxykb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"空","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnWcSy06SQwYyeGERyFcbM0e"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"用棋子围成的地域。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnEC8Oca0oCSSYklbbtTCeKg"},,"attrs":{"height":304,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"基本概念","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/ce14fd87770645ef8ce7913e47570785","width":842},"text":"","id":"doxcn8CQQ60cEcAIoewuGkdewVe"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"地","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnwOgwmiewkG8wO8OqWPfxFh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"(1)即地域或空。指已为某方占有的地区。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnayGYsOaaASciY3bWiYfUpe"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"(2)形势判断用语。如“黑地六十目”,即指黑方可望在全局围有六十目的地域。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnuO04YcqkkwMWiGYUWScyih"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"(3)指占有子和“空”的总和。即棋子围有的全部交叉点。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcno2QsE0686WycSm3s6h4kze"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"所包围的目数和活棋本身之总和,称为“地”。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnOqgoi6cWomAIkT6HS5dmHc"},,"attrs":{"height":402,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"基本概念","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/1b7f3874e83b43ce959fb81022f99325","width":684},"text":"","id":"doxcnYOo4O8iC0owO2L5AZzRp5f"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"提子","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcneyi4iGYkQ0YqOw9rerucrd"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"将对方无气的棋子从棋盘上取下,称为“提子”。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnqCYeIi22Ge2WO67HeokUle"},,"attrs":{"height":635,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"基本概念","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/1e5f25912b754de295e22f46d2f3c6d2","width":600},"text":"","id":"doxcnCwYyIkACkSm62njquwFhJg"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"打劫","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnEUGSI4UAmyIMmUmG3RsPrd"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"双方可以轮流提取对方棋子的情况。围棋规则规定,打劫时,被提取的一方不能直接提回,必须在其他地方找劫材使对方应一手之后方可提回。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn0mUSCMwI2qyA6ZqBrzZOrc"},,"attrs":{"height":282,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"基本概念","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/2bd114a713e1461c88706f73df2399b8","width":301},"text":"","id":"doxcnq6MiKAogQywI8rP2YyURxf"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"真眼","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnYKoc6kiwA6MK8Tr55t1Hif"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"由几个连接在一起的棋子围住一个或两个空交叉点,则称该点为真眼,简称“眼”。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnG6wyYi0oCK8yQH49BSvUbd"},,"attrs":{"height":208,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"基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在攻击中完全歼灭对方一片棋的情况是不多的,多是通过攻击获得其他好处,其中之一即是扩展自己的领地,巩固己之本来不稳固的领地,也通过攻孤棋来达到目的。 通过连续攻击压迫敌棋边角,也加强自己的外势,但要分析、计算好,在什么形势下有利,什么形势下不利。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnIsOG4wK2KyEuQ3zxUqbS8d"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"从发展来看,治理孤棋首先考虑的是向中央出头。不能出头,被封住往往是吃亏的,除非逃不出时才行此下策。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnEIwcAOM2cO6wucALeRD7Og"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"当遇到攻击,无法向中央出头时,有机会、有条件时可以联络到自己另一块棋上去。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn0ag8IAmE4eUQGCP5JeRkYb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"如出头和渡过均不可能时只得就地求活,如单独活不成,则争取双活,如果双活亦不成时,应停止这一带的活动,停止得越早越好。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcniISGEy4qwS4uGBg5Lg6Tob"},,"attrs":{"height":414,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"中局战略","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/99573fb416a5423e886c956d61c08bb8","width":685},"text":"","id":"doxcnYCICEWCqGG6CYt9QqBHBAd"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"缩小眼","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnyk8ySMgGSs4C2HlEQk8qFd"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"从周围挤压对方的棋的生存空间,使它不能有做成两只真眼的空间。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcngwu44G8kkgEyi21WKFtqXg"},,"attrs":{"height":407,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"缩小眼","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/4db50b42ae1a4afe90a5fc57cd99861f","width":747},"text":"","id":"doxcngUGGcQaKieMwO2zBSJtBMd"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"点中心点","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnQCAcmegQiW0UCejTephuxh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"对方有一个中心点是做眼的要点,一旦被对手抢先,就能做出两个或两个以上的真眼。比如直三、弯三、刀把五、梅花六,这些棋形的中心点就是杀棋的要点。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcngsQkMKUaIckWGOU6E2bnhc"},,"attrs":{"height":444,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"点中心点","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/324dcc252b194e1884e24356144b0846","width":383},"text":"","id":"doxcnYuWcioQwGqGoiYLSRPE3ac"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"打劫杀","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnS0UUEuM6yEgI0nQaXLEAzy"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"在不能净杀的情况下,可以通过打劫来杀死对方,职业棋手往往擅长利用劫争一举获得优势。所以有时双方棋形的厚薄,劫材的多少,也是一盘棋的胜负关键,往往多一枚劫材就决定了大盘的胜负。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnMGmcK0maaQaaA3tL3gXRIb"},,"attrs":{"height":304,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"打劫杀","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/f3a8afe070e64febaf2cc2ffe57cce73","width":319},"text":"","id":"doxcnUqqmeemwia0sN7kKYLatrH"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"胀死牛","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnOumUaoYIYOQq4GAZov7Ofb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"将对方点眼的棋子的外气全部紧完,在对方虎口里走一子,然后打吃对方,使对方不能连,将其胀死,称为“胀死牛”。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnCKcMCsgci0mEOyCtKdDKAh"},,"attrs":{"height":491,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"胀死牛","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/664e00b06574407380b4551412ce31f4","width":474},"text":"","id":"doxcn62iQCq62MOUYwrjJIBTGzf"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":1},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"布局常识","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcneKUaiGss6AiAW8RvnzxmJb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"布局指围棋的开局走法,一般在几手到几十手的范围内。局棋的进行一般由布局、中盘、官子三个阶段构成,布局作为一局棋的初始阶段,奠定了整个棋局的骨架与脉络。对局双方各自抢占棋盘上的空地,同时尽量阻止对方占地,由此导入中盘战斗。围棋有谚语“金龟银边莫肚皮”即以国突效率而言魚上最高、中腹最差。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnuO4uMY4qsI4C6B1lNnN84c"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"围棋基本布局 ","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcncOesCUmmaKkmgXvTDlcmFg"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"三连星","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnMW6aCiAeayWw44RLYO0FHb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"即在边上星位连下三颗子,这一布局极易成大模样。对于另一方来说,必须有“钻地道\\"和\\"拆天桥”的能力,否则必败无疑。 由于三个子都处在第四线上,故这种布局的侧重点不是占角,而是向中央发展。三连星的用意在于取势或构成模样,中央是它的主要战场,这是三连星的特征。 ","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn2aOYq0k4Y68AyM1U6DKYoe"},,"attrs":{"height":496,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"三连星","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/6b5d10c42ce64f8bbb0827727dff8d2e","width":530},"text":"","id":"doxcnSC2MiGak46eocnQEicDFuh"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"二连星","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnQ4MgMqogI2GwgVGVqS2wsg"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"较之三连星,二连星更为灵活多变,速度也快,并可视局部变化取地或取势,而不像三连星那样很容易就走上单一取势的道路。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnYiSyieaMQKsovJKOhesOgK"},,"attrs":{"height":537,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"二连星","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/2736b097837a4d22bd444b46a56b9194","width":561},"text":"","id":"doxcn8qASQ80YGysWyWChdgTJCf"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"中国流","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcneUWo2M806EEiqyLYO7E4zx"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"它的外形与三连星相似,如果把它放平了看,有一种“桥”的感觉,因此在中国也叫做桥梁式布局。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnUMmagius6WaIzgLUy2xymI"},,"attrs":{"height":584,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"中国流","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/bb8a68c8ff56486e9061c0f993d249a3","width":580},"text":"","id":"doxcnmqQqQceSgkkAo7MimsSr6e"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"相小目","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcneIq2M4y2kQC8ucslCtq0zh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"黑1、3子占相邻的两个角,同以小目的四线一方指向白棋,称为“相小目”。其特点是把着眼点集中在一方。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnIiyWmk2UG2Ew8p4Gpuc60f"},,"attrs":{"height":498,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"相小目","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/2d780642d3c34e209541d8dcb9c31f9c","width":584},"text":"","id":"doxcn0u24CiGOgEcMk1rkA8sIjc"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"星小目","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnyYE28YM6cgICGKWBn0fLac"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"黑1、3用星和小目占相邻两角,称为“星小目”","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnyWsEoKsICAYU6jEL0Ufrqd"},,"attrs":{"height":547,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"星小目","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/0c2c346389184b2f9867c93d9362ad39","width":568},"text":"","id":"doxcnkGQeU6Iey80GKEAmw6o3Jb"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":1},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"对战心态","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnSqqk6AuuEqmoio3C8o0LId"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"修身养性,切忌浮躁","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnOEymm0oiWYMgWkjekxeqhf"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"棋手实战时觉得局面都已占优,注意力不集中的情况下出现昏招,形势顿时翻盘。接下来绝大多数棋手会立即要求再来一盘以求“报仇”,但是接下来的对局心态已失去了平常心,于是连下连败以致一败涂地。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnOaw4MCYW20sEv1TEfhjWmG"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":" ","id":""},{"type":"text","text":"具备谋略心机","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn6iKwmeI006iAsJPAdNgHoh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"谋略是为创造有利条件而实行的全盘性行动的计划和策略,也就是创造致胜条件。这需要长期的对弈、总结、打谱的积累。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcncmG8UK408cGWyW8RPUErdh"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"1、真正的进攻就要有收获,就要使局面朝着有利于自己的方向发展,这叫做攻有所获。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn8oEECKQm2iggEn8qlkJPpc"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"2、单纯的防守不好,具有反击的防守才真正具有威力,这叫做守中有攻。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn4WaEqA28IYoqk9sKLehUqb"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"3、在面对可能出现两种有利局面的时候,选择最大程度有利于自己取得胜利的局面。在面对可能出现两种不利局面的时候,选择最小程度不利于自己的局面。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnWWkogwikM4GOum3U7IZorf"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"4、寻找出进攻的机会和线路,熟练地运用各种技战术,使局面朝理想方向发展,这叫做捕捉战机。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcna0ccwsKkwCc4MpwkLEdFWf"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"5、中局作战过程中,要时常对当前局面有清醒地认识,该攻则攻 ,当守则守,进攻的线路,防守的要点,都在审局度势的范围之中。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnuwyS444OQqmOMjMFQIF6ac"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"6、多算胜,少算不胜。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnyMc86AawemMOSYYnLv3pod"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":1},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"工具推荐","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn8UoQEi2SaMkMkbMQqB5eFe"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"书籍","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnQ8A0o0CwC6IyY3IodkYv4J"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"1、《围棋入门一月通》 邱百瑞·著","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnY6IOKCkAwQ6EKQqY5H0rNc"},,"attrs":{"height":811,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"书籍","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/f570a45b665248c1ac82961f2033c981","width":639},"text":"","id":"doxcnqYaWuqIS8UoskjOqprqOid"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"2、《围棋入门(修订版)》","id":""},{"type":"text","text":"翟燕生","id":""},{"type":"text","text":",徐莹主编","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn4GmCK44Oe8SOw1x3krWLAf"},,"attrs":{"height":495,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"书籍","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/3c7c99ebf5c44253b3040f31a61736a3","width":334},"text":"","id":"doxcnyUGe8SKwEu0Ug3ieiFuy6c"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"3、《围棋入门(围棋自学速成宝典)》李烨·著","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn26WueiyeCykOIJlDR0AqGh"},,"attrs":{"height":692,"note":[{"type":"text","text":"书籍","id":""}],"url":"{{image_domain}}tos-cn-i-qvj2lq49k0/4d162b76a9784cc68de36715b4eeeda6","width":534},"text":"","id":"doxcn0mEyOMOM0Guic9gH53Evle"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":2},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"软件","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnwawuoOWammUo6ZTUDwQv8d"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"星阵围棋","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnie2KkkOYgiwuOGeCVMwvyd"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"星阵围棋是行业内知名的AI围棋对弈平台,曾与世界围棋冠军柯洁对战,并多次获得世界围棋AI大赛冠军。目前星阵围棋已推出手机端软件、iPad软件, 也可以使用电脑网页版。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnuWmUQyOMwowmwScTNWDaiC"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"弈城围棋","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcn00Qu8MMI6wMgwPKeLzbjac"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"弈城围棋网成立于2005年,是老牌知名围棋平台,主要功能有:各大围棋赛事现场直播、职业棋手全程讲解、Al分析、Leela Master. Leela Zero、Elfgo、 Minigo全程为棋迷提供对弈分析,查看实时胜率,Al复盘,随时邀请各国棋迷在线对弈。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnaIY4kWkYqWQaqM1xK1HHgb"},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"level":3},"children":[{"type":"text","text":"忘忧围棋","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnEo0WWqYI4S46K6uML3OESc"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"忘忧围棋是一款专门针对手机用户而自主研发的人工智能人机对弈围棋游戏, 拥有较强的棋力并附带近七万局名手对局棋谱,是世上最完善的棋谱库。同时忘忧围棋还提供围棋比赛直播功能,可以观看职业棋手比赛的现场直播。","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcna6CwQIG22u28GFHJPOI4Z6"},{"type":"paragraph","children":[{"type":"text","text":"","id":""}],"text":"","id":"doxcnGeKK0sUooA4MALq0CIJHTf"}]%3C%2Fhowto_content%3E

MG动画咋做的

Motion Graphic 简写MG或者Mograph。通常翻译为动态图形或者运动图形,通常指的是图文视频设计、多媒体CG设计、电视包装、商业广告等等。广义上来讲,Motion Graphics是一种融合了动画电影与图形设计的语言,基于时间流动而设计的视觉表现形式。图文动画有点像是平面设计与动画片之间的一种产物,图文动画在视觉表现上使用的是基于平面设计的规则,在技术上使用的是动画制作手段。

1、写剧本

做mg动画首先要把动画剧本写好,大体要做多长时间,要做几个镜头,动画的台词等,都要包括进去,首先自己要有一个具体的制作思路和想法。

2、配音

为什么第二步就要配音?在这里说一下。

可以先配音,也可以后配音。先配音的好处在于可以根据配音的时间长短来做画面。如果后配音就要根据画面的时间长短去调配音,有时候会出现画面和配音不搭的情况。

3、在电脑上做分镜头

这里所说的分镜头是画面当中最完整的一个镜头,基本包含各个要素和图形,分镜头的制作是整个MG动画中最难的一环。

4、调动画

分镜头做好以后,接下来就开始调动画,让每个分镜头中的每一个元素,变化起来,动起来。

5、转场

每一个镜头做好以后,还要做转场(网上也可以下载)把每个镜头穿插连接起来。

6、整体合成和声音

最后把每一个分镜头和转场都合成到一起,在PR中加上需要的音效、声音和背景音乐就OK了

MG动画制作步骤一环扣一环,都需要动画制作公司专业的人士去执行,动画成品大致都是经过这几个过程来操作的,好的文案创意展示加上顶尖的技术,打造出一部无可挑剔的动画精品,这也是凌智动画的使命所在。

动画做了10年了!这个行业现在越来越多人学!风格也越来越多!Mg就是一种扁平的动画!可以用Ai flash Ae去做!其实任何矢量软件都能做!做好人物的分层图层以后!就去Ae里面绑定合成调动作!纯手打!哈哈不在网上抄袭那些现成的玩意!简单明了的回答!

MG动画等于动画吗

通过有趣生动的图解形式呈现内容。

MG动画,英文全称为:Motion Graphics,直接翻译为动态图形或者图形动画。通常指的是视频设计、多媒体CG设计、电视包装等等。它融合了平面设计、动画设计和电影语言,它的表现形式丰富多样,具有极强的包容性,总能和各种表现形式以及艺术风格混搭。

1960年,美国著名动画师约翰·惠特尼(John Whitney)创立了一家名为Motion Graphics的公司,是首次使用术语“Motion Graphics”。并使用机械模拟计算机技术制作电影电视片头及广告。

MG动画还是GM动画

MG动画的意思是:动态图形或者图形动画。

MG动画通常指的是视频设计、多媒体CG设计、电视包装等等。动态图形指的是“随时间流动而改变形态的图形”,简单的来说动态图形可以解释为会动的图形设计,是影像艺术的一种。

动态图形融合了平面设计、动画设计和电影语言,它的表现形式丰富多样,具有极强的包容性,总能和各种表现形式以及艺术风格混搭。动态图形的主要应用领域集中于节目频道包装、电影电视片头、商业广告、MV、现场舞台屏幕、互动装置等等。MG动画的发展

随着科技技术的进步,动态图形的发展日新月异。在上世纪90年代初,大部分设计师只能在价值高昂的专业工作站上开展工作。电脑技术的进步和众多软件开发厂商在个人电脑系统平台的软件开发。

到了90年代很多的CG工作任务从模拟工作站转向了数字电脑,这期间出现了愈来愈多的独立设计师,快速的推动了CG艺术的进步。随着数码影像技术革命性地发展,将动态图形推到了一个新的高点。动态图形已经可以在任何的播放媒体上随处可见。

什么动画属于MG动画

MG动画的意思是:动态图形或者图形动画。

MG动画通常指的是视频设计、多媒体CG设计、电视包装等等。动态图形指的是“随时间流动而改变形态的图形”,简单的来说动态图形可以解释为会动的图形设计,是影像艺术的一种。

动态图形融合了平面设计、动画设计和电影语言,它的表现形式丰富多样,具有极强的包容性,总能和各种表现形式以及艺术风格混搭。动态图形的主要应用领域集中于节目频道包装、电影电视片头、商业广告、MV、现场舞台屏幕、互动装置等等。MG动画的发展

随着科技技术的进步,动态图形的发展日新月异。在上世纪90年代初,大部分设计师只能在价值高昂的专业工作站上开展工作。电脑技术的进步和众多软件开发厂商在个人电脑系统平台的软件开发。

到了90年代很多的CG工作任务从模拟工作站转向了数字电脑,这期间出现了愈来愈多的独立设计师,快速的推动了CG艺术的进步。随着数码影像技术革命性地发展,将动态图形推到了一个新的高点。动态图形已经可以在任何的播放媒体上随处可见。

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